The most terrible diseases often affect not organs, but consciousness. Schizophrenia is a disease that comes in many forms. Schizophrenia can manifest itself through hallucinations, illusions, and differences in behavior and thinking.
This disease has a huge impact on the lives of people, as well as on the lives of their loved ones. There are even social risks when patients lose the ability to control their actions. This article will present what schizophrenia is and everything you need to know about the different types of schizophrenia.
What is schizophrenia?
It is a mental disorder that usually appears around the age of 20. This is an important feature because people usually confuse it with other pathologies. However, experts do not believe that people suffer from this disease if symptoms appear during childhood or after 45 years. This illness affects emotions, behavior and thinking ability. Symptoms vary, but almost always the disease is accompanied by hallucinations, both auditory and visual.
A person with schizophrenia perceives things like voices or faces that no one else hears or sees. This symptom tends to change the way you think. As a result, people can speak a monologue that seems to have no meaning. Another common symptom is poor coordination of movement. For example, a person might wave their hand excessively or assume a strange posture for a while.
Types of schizophrenia
Dominant symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia delusions and auditory hallucinations are usually present. According to a study published in the Electronic Medical Journal, this is the most common type of the disease.
There is a species characterized by a significant change in people's emotions. It is difficult for them to behave adequately. For example, illness can cause laughter when someone gives them bad news.
The so-called residual schizophrenia is a mental disorder in which certain symptoms do not dominate. It is mainly a mixture of other types. In turn, residual schizophrenia maintains some symptoms despite treatment.
It should be borne in mind that each type of this disorder is very serious and poses a threat to the patient's life, as well as to their environment. Therefore, you should immediately seek professional help if someone close to you is affected by this problem.